Boeing will fly through the new generation of biofuel

After cars, airplanes take up sustainable biofuels!

Boeing and Air New Zealand reported that a demonstration flight to sustainable biofuel will be made on a Boeing 747-400 from Auckland on 3 December 2008: one of the four RB211 engines from Rolls-Royce will operate in part through a new generation of biofuel-based jatropha, commercially viable.

Boeing biofuel
The process is as follows: a processing technology for fuel developed internally by the company UOP has helped convert the crude oil of jatropha bio-fuel. It is thus the first large-scale production of a biofuel for aerospace applications. The technical team of British engine manufacturer Rolls-Royce has tested it conducted a campaign full laboratory testing to ensure compatibility with jet engines now in service and its compliance with the conditions of use in aviation. Announced its strengths? A good performance, a very low freezing and good energy density.

To address the jatropha crude oil, the team used the technology of “green fuel” developed by UOP and methodologies based on hydro commonly used to produce fuel for transport. In the process, hydrogen is added to remove oxygen from biomass, resulting in a bio-derived fuel that could replace the kerosene used by the aviation industry.

It is possible to cultivate jatropha under very different circumstances: it produces a seed that contains a lipid oil inedible, which allows the extraction of fuel to manufacture. Each seed can produce 30% to 40% of its mass in oil. The oil used to create fuel for the Air New Zealand is based on non-arable land located in south-eastern Africa (Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania) and India.

The goals: to identify and exploit the primary source of biofuel sustainable scale for civil aviation to reduce fuel consumption and emissions generated by aircraft; create a range of new generation biofuels that can be associated with Classical kerosene (Jet A) to improve the environmental performance of aircraft.

In the context of sustainable mobility and alternative fuels have the future ahead of them, whether on roads or in the air!

Posted under Hydrogen Economy

This post was written by admin on November 18, 2008

Tags: ,

The implementation of the NIP has started

On 23.09.08 met for the fourth time the General Assembly of the “Strategy Council hydrogen fuel cell” in the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs. In addition to a Message from Wolfgang Tiefensee was the representatives from politics, science and industry especially the current state of implementation of the NIP and the presentation of the first lighthouse projects in the area of mobility (CEP) and stationary applications (CALLUX) reported.

National Innovation Program hydrogen and fuel cell technology (NIP), jointly with representatives from politics, science and industry created to market the preparation of these technologies to support it. With the founding of the National Organization Ltd. NOW hydrogen and fuel cell technology in February 2008 and the publication of the promotion in June 2008 were the preconditions for the implementation of the NIP created. The range of projects ranging from component development system tests up to the everyday operation of hydrogen and fuel cell applications, the applicants include scientific institutions, startups and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) but also large corporations.

More than 100 projects in all fields of application are currently being intensively discussed. In the transport sector in particular within the framework of the Clean Energy Partnership (CEP) vehicle fleets of the next generation prepared and put into operation. The necessary hydrogen infrastructure will be expanded and the first projects for hydrogen production based on the results of the study GermanHy concrete. In the field of stationary applications are lighthouses for domestic energy, for the industrial cogeneration and in the naval field started or in planning. In the specific markets it will be demonstration projects for the board power to special vehicles to critical power and a range of other applications.

“We are delighted that with the launch of the first lighthouse projects, the implementation of the NIP has started” said Klaus Bonhoff, managing director and spokesman of NOW MORE GmbH lighthouse projects, including in the field of special markets will soon follow. “This is a crucial step to strengthen leadership in Europe and the international competitiveness of Germany in the field of hydrogen and fuel cell technology,” said Bonhoff further.

National Innovation Program hydrogen and fuel cell technology (NIP)

The NIP has been preparing the market for hydrogen and fuel cell technology in the fields of transport, domestic energy applications, industrial applications and specialized markets as a strategic alliance of federal ministries (BMVBS, BMWi, BMBF and BMU) with industry and academia formulated. With the NIP, designed as a ten-year program (2007-2016), research and development and demonstration activities and market preparation targeted and effective suppor. Together with the financing by the industry in funding from 1.4 billion Euro available.

NOW Ltd.

The National Organization Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology GmbH has the task by 2016 the “National Innovation Program Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology” (NIP) of the Federal Government to coordinate and implement. These include the evaluation and selection of projects, especially for the demonstration activities, the linkage of research and development with the demonstration, international cooperation, communication and knowledge management.

NOW operates a continuous process of consultation with all stakeholders: responsible ministries and their promoters, industry, research institutes, federal and local initiatives. Through the overall coordination of a hand is a targeted development of the hydrogen and fuel cell technology at the national level to international competition. NOW is so central point of contact for the whole of hydrogen and fuel cell industry in Germany.

Source: NOW Ltd.

Posted under Fuel Cells

This post was written by admin on October 6, 2008

Tags: ,

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell project started Callux

Instead collector on the roof: hydrogen power plant in the basement. Federal Transport Minister Wolfgang Tiefensee, the pilot project “Callux” for domestic energy supply before.

Tiefensee: “We encourage the fuel cells for home. About 800 highly efficient heaters are nationwide in basements of private single-and multi-family houses and installed over a period of eight years for their practicality tested. The goal is to fuel heaters in 2015 at the market, a real alternative to conventional devices to create. The fuel cell technology brings the highly efficient combined heat and power in every house. It produces electricity and uses the waste heat than useful. This saves up to 30 percent of primary energy, “said Federal Minister Wolfgang Tiefensee, on the occasion of the launch the hydrogen project Callux.

For Callux have energy suppliers and manufacturers heaters with the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban together to practice in a large-scale test the use of stationary fuel cells in the building sector on a trial basis. Serves as fuel gas, which is converted to hydrogen. Through the production of electricity and heat will increase the efficiency of the energy considerably.

Tiefensee: “Energy is a scarce resource. The prices will keep rising. I want housing and mobility for all remains affordable and long-term supply of energy is guaranteed. We will initiate the energy turnaround. The fuel cell technology will bring us this goal is a big step closer. “

Callux comprises a consortium from all over Germany. The National Organization Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology (NOW) is the cooperation of heaters manufacturers (Baxi Innotech, Hexis, Vaillant, Viessmann) energy suppliers (EnBW, E. ON, EWE, MVV, VNG) and science (Center for Solar Energy and Hydrogen Research Stuttgart) coordinate.

Callux

The total volume of the project amounts to 86 million euros. The BMVBS participates with around 40 million euros. Overall, the BMVBS in the next ten years, 500 million euros for the promotion of hydrogen and fuel cell technology in the National Innovation Program – short NIP – available. These funds are attached to the commitment of the industry linked to at least the same amount in the implementation of the NIP to participate. Together with existing programs of the Economic and Research Department will get a long-term program with a total volume of around 1.4 billion euros.

Tiefensee: “The successful launch program shows that by building strategic partnerships in programs targeted investment commitment and willingness of industry risk in the market preparation of future technology can arouse. Callux is only the first step. I do I ensure that we have a similar Launch program on battery technology start.”

Source: BMVBS

Posted under Hydrogen Economy

This post was written by admin on September 26, 2008

Tags: ,

Clean energy vehicle

Clean energy vehicle

  Advantages Disadvantages
Natural gas vehicle Instead of gasoline, diesel fuel and natural gas Nitrogen oxides from diesel cars by 10 to 30 percent reduction. Particulate matter (PM) emissions are not. Conventional car body prices up 1.4 to 2 times. Filling 1 per mile short (150 to 350 kg.) Large and heavy tank by fuel supply is low (around Japan about 180 places)
Methanol cars Gasoline or diesel oil instead of alcohol (methanol) and the fuel Nitrogen oxides from diesel vehicles to reduce the ratio of 50% Particulate matter (PM) emissions are not Body conventional car prices rose 1.1 to 2 times. When the problem starts with Low Toxic fuel. When you start formaldehyde emissions low fuel supply facilities (50 locations nationwide in Japan extent)
LP gas vehicle (Diesel substitute) Nitrogen oxides from diesel cars by 10 to 30 percent reduction. Particulate matter (PM) emissions are not Body ratio of 2 times the price of conventional vehicles. No effect of oil alternative. By fuel supply is low (about locations throughout Japan in 2000)
Hybrid vehicle. Expression, such as internal combustion engine and two motor-powered drive to efficiently switch. Fuel efficiency. Emissions cut. The possible conversion of existing fuel distribution infrastructure. Mileage of conventional cars and better. Body conventional car prices rose 1.1 times to 1.7. Battery replacement is required
Fuel cell vehicles. Fuel cells generate electricity, motor travel. If hydrogen fuel and not only water emissions Lease rates high (around 1 million yen per month) By low fuel supply. Specifications challenges in cold climates.
Electric vehicle. Storage batteries and motor travel. Gas emissions without running. Low-noise. Low vibration. The price of conventional car body 2 to 3.5 times. Battery replacement is expensive. 1 charge per short driving distance (100 to 200 kg.)

Posted under Fuel Cells

This post was written by admin on September 16, 2008

Tags:

TAZ on ZBT opened on 15.09.08

It is unique in Europe and was by many industry partners who develop fuel cell products, repeatedly suggested: NRW-Minister of Economic Affairs Christa Thoben opened on 15 September 2008 nach nur eineinhalbj├Ąhriger Bauzeit das TAZ, das Test-, Applikations- und Assemblierungszentrum am Zentrum f├╝r BrennstoffzellenTechnik (ZBT gGmbH) in Duisburg. September 2008 after only eineinhalbj├Ąhriger TAZ the construction period, the testing, application and Assemblierungszentrum at the Center for fuel cell technology in Duisburg.

“To both fuel cell components as well as overall systems rapidly to the market, various fields of activity around the fuel cell bundled,” said the minister. The working fields of the new test and application center include production engineering, installation, commissioning, testing and evaluation of fuel cells, components and complete systems. All this with the goal of fuel cell technology economically and quality continue to develop.

“This unique pan-European offer complements the already excellent service offering North Rhine-Westphalia as a European fuel cell center. Unique is the concentration of diverse areas around the new products, “said Thoben.

With this new building project at the University of Duisburg-Essen, the strategic competence of North Rhine-Westphalia as an important energiewirtschaftliches and energietechnisches center in Germany consistently developed. Already today, the services of the ZBT by the industry in high demand. It is assumed that the institute with the help of the TAZ further long-term collaborations with industry partners will enter into to the fuel cell technologies with them to market and develop competitiveness. The establishment of a separate fuel cell production is not planned, which would be driven by the business partners with the support of the ZBT be realized.

The fuel cell and hydrogen technology on one of the promotion and development priorities of the provincial government in the energy sector. The activities of the country are under the established in 2000 “competence network fuel cell and hydrogen” the EnergyAgency.NRW organized and coordinated.

Together with the Ministry of Science, the Ministry of Economic Affairs so far over 80 projects with a total grant of 80 million euros for a total of more than 130 million euros. The ZBT since its founding member of the competence network, which is about 350 to a large extent medium-sized enterprises and research institutes. The aim is to the existing powers for the development of fuel cell systems and components as well as the production, storage and transport of hydrogen together more closely than before and new fields of competence to identify them.

Minister Thoben: “The many successes already achieved in the field of fuel cell and hydrogen technology in North Rhine-Westphalia and Germany in 2010, we want to under 18 World Hydrogen Conference in Essen present. “To meet the high expectations of this conference needs, a new project, the NRW Hydrogen HyWay of Aachen on Cologne, Dusseldorf, Duisburg and Essen to the northern Ruhr area. Under its umbrella project, over 40 new project ideas, which currently concrete form. These include infrastructure, vehicle fleets, stationary and many special applications of fuel cell and hydrogen technology.

Then 2010 not only the guests of the World Hydrogen Conference, but also the visitors of the European Capital of Culture Food fuel cell and hydrogen technology experience in North Rhine-Westphalia.

Source: www.whec2010.com

Posted under Fuel Cells

This post was written by admin on September 15, 2008

Tags: ,