The Ford Ka Hydrogen Bond

You know that the new Ford Ka compact is unveiled at the Mondial de Paris (see article). Well this small city car has a green star movie! In the new James Bond Quantum of Solace entitled to be released on October 31 2008 in the United Kingdom and France, you can see James Bond (Daniel Craig) and Camille (Olga Kurylenko) at the wheel of the Ford Ka Hydrogen Bond with a fuel cell with hydrogen, revamped for the occasion.

Ford Bond Ka

Ford Bond Ka

The manufacturer Ford Ka explained that the Quantum of Solace was unique with a metallic gold paint and interior and exterior design exclusive: it has been imagined by the Center Style Ford Europe, in collaboration with interior designer Denis Gassner rewarded with Oscars. Its technical characteristics are disclosed in a few months. Meanwhile, James Bond is going to undress shapes its gaze generous, as usual!

Ford Bond Ka

Ford Bond Ka

Posted under Fuel Cells, Hydrogen Cars, Hydrogen Vehicles

This post was written by admin on October 16, 2008

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Associate Professor of Tokai University, CEATEC Pavilion in industry-university exchanges Electrodes for fuel cells conductive CNT / PTFE composite membrane technology introduced

Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering of Tokai University associate professor Yoshiyuki 2008, September 30 – October 4, in the Makuhari Messe (Chiba City) was held in a comprehensive cutting-edge IT and electronics exhibition “CEATEC JAPAN” (Combined Exhibition of Advanced Technologies) in the Pavilion’s industry-university exchanges, electrodes for fuel cell technology as “conductive CNT / PTFE-coated metal composite membrane separator to the development of” Introduction to the exhibition.

Associate Professor polymer electrolyte fuel cell electrode (separator), a carbon nanotube (CNT) and fluorine resin (PTFE) complex consists of a conductive coating film by the electrode surface to prevent corrosion of the fuel Improve the efficiency of the batteries can power. In addition, the membrane electrode coated with a direct-type fuel cell (DMFC) that can also be applied.

Polymer electrolyte fuel cell, a membrane electrode complex (MEA) across the hydrogen and oxygen to generate electricity by chemical reaction. Voltage, MEA between the two sides of the carbon electrodes arises. The new electrode (separator), and the extraction of electricity, hydrogen or oxygen supply on the part of the MEA.

Performance verification, the stainless steel electrode “conductive CNT / PTFE composite film,” If you do not, and if there are comparisons with.


Stainless steel electrode (left),
conductive CNT / PTFE composite membrane electrode coated with stainless steel
(right)
Source:Associate Professor of Tokai University

Stainless steel electrode and

Conductive CNT / PTFE-coated composite membranes
Fabricated using electrodes
Fuel cells obtained from the current – voltage,

Current – Output power characteristics.
Source:Associate Professor of Tokai University

Open circuit voltage of the fuel cell, “both of 0.8V and a film seen by RARETAKATTA change,” he said.

On the other hand, fuel cells and increase the output from the current, both of which have reduced output voltage, composite electrode coated with a film that can suppress the decrease, the membranes that gave the maximum output of fuel cells, 2.7W (The film is not, 1.7W), and the effect has been confirmed. The “conductive CNT / PTFE composite membrane,” the MEA and fuel cell electrode inside the electrical contact between the resistance and a decrease in the fuel cell’s internal resistance was reduced according to the analysis.

Typically, this electrode (separator) materials, metals such as stainless steel is used. When the fuel cell power generation, in the vicinity of the electrode, causing the water, and fuel cells from the inside to be acidic, metal corrosion by the MEA and the higher the contact resistance is a problem. The CNT and the electrode coated with PTFE composite material by way prevented corrosion has devised.

“Conductive CNT / PTFE composite membrane”, respectively, in water distributed in advance and how to disperse a mixture of liquid has been fabricated. CNT is that a strong cohesive, CNT dispersion solution for the distribution of cellulose is the addition of auxiliaries. PTFE and mixing ratio of CNT, CNT concentration (weight percent) and more than 10 percent, to improve conductivity and also make sure that the (PTFE, the extremely low conductivity).

CNT and a mixture of PTFE membrane conductivity.
CNT by changing the concentration of the mixture film was fabricated.

Source:Associate Professor of Tokai University

The coating on the glass substrate, the film fired at temperatures of 350 centigrade, high mechanical strength, acid and sulfuric acid corrosion, but not in the mood to see. In addition, the contact angle of water and 110 degrees, and is hydrophobic.

This time, “conductive CNT / PTFE composite film” made of stainless steel electrode (the effective area of 40mmx40mm, thickness of 1mm. Pore diameter of 3mm to 23 locations opening in the structure) coating on the surface of the fuel cell has been created (Hole, the supply of hydrogen and oxygen to the MEA).

* MEA: complex membrane electrode
Electrolyte fuel cell membrane electrode and, in general, as a joint production of the complex. That is, each of the three-dimensional structure respond by interfacial reaction to a change in velocity, the individual can not be manufactured. Such a complex, in general MEA (Membrane and ElectrodeAssembly) call. MEA, the polymer electrolyte fuel cell membrane electrode used to call complex parts, NAFION (electrolyte) membrane supported on both sides of the platinum catalyst thermocompression carbon fiber structure of the electrodes.

(Bureau of Industry-Academia Collaboration =
Tatsuki Shigeru Sakai Hisashi Producer)

Posted under Fuel Cells

This post was written by admin on October 16, 2008

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2009 home sales in April published a fuel cell, Tokyo Gas Co.

Tokyo Gas, 2009 April (tentative) from the sale of fuel cells for home use “ENE FARM (ENEFAMU)”, October 7-10 was held at Shinjuku Park Tower, “Life Design Exhibition’08 , “Was published. The fuel cell system and the impact on the environment as well as the large-scale stationary fuel cell demonstration project to apply advanced fuel cell has set up a family with the adoption of the cases presented to the panel.

Oct. 7-10 was held at Shinjuku Park Tower, “Design for Living’08″ exhibition (Photo: Tokyo Gas)

ENEFAMU “fuel-cell unit” consists of two units. Fuel-cell unit, removing hydrogen from city gas, a chemical reaction with oxygen in the air to generate electricity. The chemical reactions that occur when using hot water to build and earn. Made of electrical appliances in the home can be used in the water bath, shower, kitchen and hot water use.

Patterns of energy demand at home as a data storage will continue to function. Therefore, the lifestyle will be combined with energy-saving operation. The amount of power, such as tanks installed in the kitchen to check on the included remote control. Suddenly need a large amount of hot water when the heat source to be backed up by aircraft.

Power is supplied from a combination of electricity and water heaters compared to the traditional family in general, the 31 percent reduction in energy consumption. Energy utilization rate improved to 41 points from 37 percent to 78 percent. CO2 emissions will lead to a reduction of 45 percent. This 2kw-class residential solar power generation system when installed, and is almost the same effect.

ENEFAMU of Tokyo Gas, the company’s Panasonic is made by Ballard and Ebara. Is roughly the same specifications. In the case of Panasonic products, the size of the fuel cell units W780 x D400 x H860mm,the unit W750 x D480 x H1883mm, both weighing 125kg. The installation space and a width of 1.2 x height of 3.3 x depth of about 2.3m will be required. The price will be around 3 million yen. The country will get a subsidy from the user side, so the actual amount paid will be about 200 million yen.

article in the current prices are approximate. We determined by the amount of aid from countries where the product price and the amount of the burden on the user side, until the release may change. Tokyo Gas was the overture to supplement it.

The photo on the left ENEFAMU made by Panasonic, and the right of the photo made by the ENEFAMU Ebara Ballard (Photo: Tokyo Gas)

Posted under Fuel Cells

This post was written by admin on October 16, 2008

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DLR to successfully use a fuel cell involved in flight operations

The latest aviation forecast to rise steadily – hence the fuel consumption and the resulting pollution. Solutions to reduce pollutant emissions in air and ground operations are therefore urgently needed. These could be the fuel cell will make a substantial contribution: The new research aircraft ATRA of the German Aerospace Center (DLR), an Airbus A320, has successfully its first test flight with a fuel cell system, which is tentatively on the provision of emergency power supply was used.

Together with the Airbus project partners, the Institute for Technical Thermodynamics of the DLR aircraft with a fuel cell system equipped by Michelin. The fuel cell built for one hour over the emergency power supply – free of carbon dioxide and other pollutants. As part of the emergency care system that operates the pump of the hydraulic system, which in case of failure of the engines.

Fuel cell system of DLR ATRA
Fuel cell system of DLR ATRA

Side effect: fuel cell generates water in flight

Since the fuel cells for electricity production only uses hydrogen and oxygen, are no harmful exhaust. Instead, in addition to the finished product in the current electro-chemical process in the cell also water and heat, both may be on board an airplane well still be used. In the current test produced the fuel used ten liters of water. If the resulting water in the hydrological future of the aircraft, fed, it reduces the amount of water to be carried on simultaneously and thus weight and fuel consumption. In addition, the fuel cell has a high efficiency and low noise.

The emergency supply of the fuel cell also has the advantage that the aerodynamic properties of an airplane gliding not be affected and the performance regardless of aircraft speed and altitude remains constant. Both are disadvantages of today’s emergency systems where a so-called Ram Air Turbine (back pressure turbine) on the fuselage of the plane and extended through the Anstromung the necessary energy supplies.

Economic aspects but also make use of the fuel cell medium already interesting: Such a system is, for example, less maintenance-intensive and costly. In the first phase of the project were separate tanks for hydrogen and oxygen incorporated. The next step is to oxygen from ambient air are used, making the oxygen tank is dispensable. In the future, could also aboard the hydrogen from hydrocarbons available there (for example, kerosene) are produced.

 Pure elegance the DLR research aircraft ATRA
Pure elegance DLR ATRA

Fuel cells use goes into the DLR aerospace research

To the 20-kilowatt fuel cell in the cargo compartment that you can install, the DLR research aircraft initially equipped with a deck cargo loading. Then had the fuel system on the plane and its consumers are connected. Difficult tasks were here next to the construction of mobile infrastructure for supplies of fuel (hydrogen and oxygen) and the development and implementation of the approved measuring air with which the behavior of the fuel cell system during the flight observed and analyzed. Before the plane with fuel aboard for the first test flight could take off, the system had extensive tests on the ground in order for the operations necessary to ensure safety.

Because the hydraulic system to be controlled with an engine failure, the control surfaces must move, has been a focus of the tests carried out the drive of the ailerons, for which the six kilowatt fuel cell power must provide. Further tests related to the behavior of the fuel cells under normal flight conditions, that is appropriate for vibration, acceleration, different air pressures and temperatures. Also addressing the different electrical loads on the program.

DLR-Forschungsflugzeug A320 ATRA (Advanced Technologies Research Aircraft)
DLR A320 ATRA
(Advanced Technologies Research Aircraft)

The work is part of the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology funded project, with partners from industry and research since March last year, the use of fuel cells in aircraft to investigate. The positive test result marked an important milestone in the project and in the further research: It has been confirmed that the fuel cell is a promising option for on-board power supply on the plane represents.
Concerning the operation of the emergency generator is therefore beyond the integration of a multi-fuel cell system as the next step in the project plan. This is generated by the fuel cell-derived water on board continue to be, the system also provides electrical energy to supply the aircraft on the ground ready.

Posted under Fuel Cells

This post was written by admin on October 15, 2008

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First published in the FCH JTI

The first call for project applications under the common enterprise and hydrogen fuel cells – (JU Fuel Cells and Hydrogen) on 8 October 2008 has been published.
FCH is a European public-private partnership of industry and research organizations from the European Technology Platform for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell (H2) have emerged.FCH JTI
The aim of the joint technology initiative is the development of fuel cell and hydrogen technologies in Europe and to accelerate its launch in the period from 2010 to 2020 to pave the way. The Joint Technology Initiative has a budget of EUR 1 billion for the period from 2008 to 2017.
The first tender for the budget-provided amounts to approximately 28 million. Submission deadline is 15 January 2009.
The call, as well as for the participation of all required documents can be found at.

Source: http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/dc/index.cfm?fuseaction=UserSite.FP7DetailsCallPage&call_id=172

Posted under Fuel Cells

This post was written by admin on October 14, 2008

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